Describes the finished result of fibres that have been worked into fabric after weaving, beating, knotting or knitting, which may or may not be left plain, finished, printed, embroidered or pierced.

There are three main categories of textiles:

1. Natural:

a) Vegetable fibres: there are twenty five, of which these are the most used:  linen, cotton, hemp, ramie, kanaf, sisal, bamboo, jute, coir, seagrass, agave, abaca, paper mulberry, kapok, aloe vera, coconut, raffia, pineapple, nettle.

b) Animal fibres: of which these are the best known: wool and hide–sheep, alpaca, rabbit, camel, goat, llama, guanaco, vicuna, yak, lamb, deer, cow, pig, silk.

2. Chemical:

Synthetic fibres:  chemically produced from natural raw materials: rayon, acetate, modal

Artificial fibres:  that are entirely chemically produced: nylon, polyester, acrylic, polyamide.

3. Other fibres:

Pretty much anything that can be woven into a textile: bottle tops, paper, plastic, copper wire

4. Other types

a) Leather : a textile produced by tanning from the skin of the fibres.

b) Bark cloth : a textile produced from the solid rather than the extraction.


the 25- J Shekar

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