A simple, self-coloured weave, in which equal numbers of warp and weft threads are interlaced to form a crisscross pattern, i.e.: the first group of, say, 4 weft threads goes over and under groups of 4 warp threads for 2-3 rows, then the next group of weft threads will go over the warp threads in a reversed order.
The result is a loose-ish textile with a good drape. The closer the warp threads are tied in, the smaller the pattern, the firmer the fabric will be. Cotton and wool are the favoured materials as their fibres have the necessary inherent flexibility.
In basket weave, the warp and weft fibres may be of even density, or varied in thickness – in which case, the warps are usually the thicker, imitating the struts of a basket.
If a 2:2 weave is worked with even thicknesses of warp and weft the final weave will be the same as hopsack.
Monkcloth and Oxford cloth are made with this weave, as is panama.