A mechanism for weaving cloth. The simplest loom is a wooden frame onto which warp yarns are stretched and fixed on two opposite sides–usually the top and bottom. The weft yarn is then repeatedly passed through–under and over–the warp threads, in effect creating a woven cloth. There are many types of loom: upright looms, backstrap looms, table looms, pit looms, horizontal looms, counterbalance looms, countermarch looms, inkle looms, tapestry looms, handlooms, treadle looms and power looms.

The power loom was invented by Edmund Cartwright in 1790. Handlooms prevail in India and in many developing countries, where the local economy still depends on handcraft.

see ghandi, khadi,

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