The western term for the dominant language spoken in Iran (called Farsi); also the historical name for ancient Iran, referring in particular to the ancient Persian empire, its culture and civilization, which at one time stretched from Northern India to the Caucasus (including central Asia, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan…).
Oriental rugs made in Iran are termed Persian rugs. These are locally named, after the tribe who make them, the city or area in which they are made including Qashqai, Shiraz, Heriz. Persian rugs per se includes both flat woven kelims and the hand knotted silk or woollen rugs in rich colours and flowing designs.
Persian textiles are celebrated for their craftsmanship, rich colouring and distinctive designs and have inspired countless textile workers and designers the world over.