A thick, warm, light, windproof and relatively waterproof woollen fabric with a short pile, made by shrinking a loosely woven cloth: this creates a dense, felt-like fabric which is now a standard coat fabric. It was originally made in Austria, for 16thC Tyrolean monks and peasants, from the coarse oily fleeces of local mountain sheep and dyed in a characteristic dark bluish-green colour–which has given us the eponymous Loden colour.

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